What is stock? According to Marx, stock is a kind of fictitious capital; according to the view of economics, stock is the voucher of buying and selling the ownership of means of production; according to the common people, stock is a vote of capital. People can vote for one or several enterprises according to their own wishes, in order to gain the difference between stock price fluctuations or expected future earnings of enterprises.
Thus, the stock is the certificate issued by the joint stock company to the shareholders as the investment certificate and the dividend claim certificate. Stocks, like ordinary commodities, have prices, can be bought and sold, and can be used as collateral. A joint stock company raises funds by issuing shares. Investors get a certain dividend income by buying stocks.
What is stock? Stock is a certificate issued by a company limited by shares to prove that the shareholders hold shares. It shows that the owner of the stock has ownership of part of the capital of the company. Specifically, the shares of a joint stock company are held by different people, and the number of shares held by each person is different. Whoever holds the shares of a company is the shareholder, regardless of the number of shares held. The certificate of holding shares is stock. In the past, most of these stocks were paper, which showed which company’s stocks were, who was the holder, and how many stocks were held. Now for the convenience of buying and selling, we have to deposit the stock in the computer of the exchange just as we deposit the money in the bank. Stockholders get account cards, trading cards, etc. It allows you to find out from the computer how many shares a person owns in which company. Since stocks have economic interests and can be transferred to the market, they are also a kind of securities.
1. content of stock
The contents of stock include the following points:
(1) The full name of a joint stock limited company issuing the shares, where the company is registered according to the law, and the date and address of its registration.
(2) The total amount of shares issued, the number of shares issued and the amount of each share.
(3) Classification of stocks.
(4) The par value of the stock and the number of shares it represents.
(5) The date of issue and the number of the stock. If it is a registered stock, the name of the holder (shareholder) of the stock should be indicated.
(6) The signature of the chairman or director of a stock issuing company and the signature of the competent authority or the authorized issuing registration institution.
(7) Forms printed for the transfer of shares.
(8) Notices that the issuing company considers should be specified.
2. classification of stocks
(1) According to the listed area, it can be divided into:
(1) A shares. A-share, also known as RMB common stock, circulating stock, public stock and common stock, refers to those common stocks registered in the mainland of China and listed on the mainland of China, which are subscribed and traded in RMB.
B shares. B shares, also known as RMB special stocks, refer to those special stocks registered in the mainland of China and listed on the mainland of China. They are denominated in Renminbi and can only be subscribed and traded in foreign currencies.
H shares. H shares refer to stocks registered in the mainland of China and listed in Hong Kong.
Fourth shares. S-share refers to those enterprises whose core business is mainly production or operation in mainland China and whose registered place is in Singapore or other countries and regions, but listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange.
N shares. N-shares refer to those foreign-funded shares registered in mainland China and listed in New York.
(2) According to the classification of shareholders’rights, stocks can be divided into common stocks, preferred stocks and post-allotment stocks.
Common stock refers to the shares that enjoy common rights in the company’s operation and management, profit and distribution of property. It represents the right to claim profits and surplus property of an enterprise after satisfying all claims and claims of priority shareholders. It constitutes the basis of company capital, is a basic form of stock and is also issued. The largest and most important stock.
Preferred stock is relative to common stock, mainly refers to the right to dividend profits and the distribution of surplus property, prior to common stock.
Post-allotment is a stock which is inferior to common stock in the distribution of interest or interest dividend and surplus property. Generally, after the distribution of common stock, the residual interest is redistributed.

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